Asian Steel Watch vol. 2 Press Release (October, 2016)
On October 11, 2016, POSCO Research Institute (POSRI) released the second issue of Asian Steel Watch (ASW). This bi-annual English journal is specialized in the Asian steel industry and market. It deals with current issues in the Asian steel industry and features interviews with industry leaders, market analysis, and forecasts. It is comprised of five sections: On the Cover, Interview, Special Report, Featured Articles, and Market Trend and Analysis.
Asian Steel Watch aims to provide insightful, in-depth analysis of the ever-changing conditions of the Asian steel market. The second issue of Asian Steel Watch focuses on the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the steel industry, smart factory, Chinese steel e-commerce, the effect of demographic cliff on the Asian steel market, the restructuring of China’s steel industry, Myanmar’s steel industry, super cycles, and Northeast Asian steel trade market. This journal hopes to grant insight into the Asian steel industry, lay a firm foundation for the collaborative growth of Asia’s steel industry, and further contribute to the stability and prosperity of the global steel market.
Asian Steel Watch Vol.2 addresses the following issues:
In the “On The Cover” section, four articles are covered under the main theme of “The Fourth Wave of Manufacturing: What It Means to the Asian Steel Industry.”
① The Fourth Industrial Revolution: The Winds of Change Are Blowing in the Steel Industry
With the advancement of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, many traditional industries now face the destruction of industrial structures, and countries are intensifying competition to take the leadership in the future of manufacturing. Under these circumstances, manufacturing will face new changes in the future. On the consumers’ front, the era of “mass personalization” will be heralded and dynamic intelligence, real-time enterprise, and servitization will become new trends on the suppliers’ front. The Fourth Industrial Revolution is also gaining ground in the steel industry, and new changes are becoming apparent. GE has a long history and tradition as an automation company in power generation and energy, but it has declared itself to be a software company. Likewise, a steel company in the Fourth Industrial Revolution might need to become a “software engineering company that produces steel,” not a “company that buys and uses software well.”
② Accelerating Digital Transformation with Smart Factory to Unlock New Value: Case of POSCO
In the face of the great paradigm shift brought on by the Fourth Industrial Revolution, many Asian steelmakers are taking preemptive measures to maintain competitiveness and contribute to the advancement of manufacturing. POSCO is also one of the leading global steelmakers in this arena. POSCO is building the world’s first continuous-process steel plant model in its Gwangyang Steelworks plate factory that houses integrated processes for steelmaking, continuous casting, and rolling. POSCO has achieved major outcomes in the realization of a smart factory, such as the development of the “digital genome map” to tackle challenges of smart factory initiatives and the construction of PosFrame—POSCO’s smart factory platform for continuous process industries. It also has conducted various smart factory projects, including material to final product defect tracking, minimizing unnecessary scarfing in the continuous casting process, and new product development simulation in cyberspace.
③ China is Shifting to the “Smart Factory of the World”
To prepare for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, represented by “Industry 4.0” in Germany and “Industrial Internet” in the USA, the Chinese government released the “Made in China 2025” policy in May 2015 and the “Internet Plus” action plan two months later. The Chinese government’s massive support makes the prospect of smart factories even brighter. It plans to designate two to three companies in each industry to support the construction of smart factories. Using its vast market as a bargaining chip in summit diplomacy, China induces cooperation from advanced global firms. As a result, China can elicit technological support for smart factories from advanced countries. However, it would take much time and energy to fully realize smart factories in China’s manufacturing and steel industries. Just as the explosive growth of China’s steel industry has shocked the world in the early 21st century, the world might be shocked again by China, if it successfully adopts Industry 4.0 and smart factories in the future.
④ The Rise, Prospects, and Impact of China’s Steel E-Commerce
China’s steel e-commerce is gaining ground in China. The rapid growth of China’s steel e-commerce after 2012 was caused by three factors that collectively intensified competition in online platforms: the changing landscape of the steel trading market due to a slump in China’s steel industry; China’s “Internet Plus” and other related policies; and an online fever across the industry. The Chinese government aims to increase total steel trade through e-commerce by about 20%, or 150-200 Mt, until 2020. China’s steel e-commerce market will be led by a few competitive firms. Most steel e-commerce firms in China are pioneering or considering overseas expansion. Therefore, their influence will become stronger in overseas markets. As China’s steel e-commerce develops, the functions of offline steel traders in countries which import Chinese steel products will be reduced. In this process, existing offline steel distribution channels will be upgraded through integration with online channels.
Interview with Edwin Basson, Director General of worldsteel on the subject of “Roads Ahead for the Steel Industry.”
Edwin Basson, Director General of worldsteel talked to Asian Steel Watch about major issues and future of the steel industry: 1) Causes of sluggish global steel demand and forecast for 2017, 2) China’s peak steel and long-term forecast for China’s steel demand, 3) solutions to overcapacity, 4) future of the Asian steel industry, and 5) influence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on the steel industry.
1) Causes of sluggish global steel demand and demand forecast for 2017
The steel industry is affected by structural and cyclical fluctuations of the global economy. The year 2016 will be the turning point and most regions will show improvement in 2017, but growth momentum will continue to be weak, reflecting continued contraction in China and weakness in other parts of the world.
2) China’s peak steel and long-term forecast for China’s steel demand
Steel use grows fast but then reaches a peak at or close to the upper inflection point on the S-curve, before a long term decline in steel use takes place. This happens at a per capita income level of around USD 12,000-15,000. China has reached peak steel at a rather earlier stage of economic development compared with the experiences of developed economies as it has accomplished a very condensed development in a relatively short time period. Recent studies by the worldsteel economics team highlight a number of unique cases where, after the first peak, steel use recovered to the same or even higher levels of use. The future development of Western China, the continued capability of China as a competitive manufacturing base, and the geographical location of China could contribute to a new momentum in steel demand growth in the future.
3) Solutions to overcapacity
Reducing excess capacity is never an easy task, largely because of many hidden barriers to exit. Capacity reduction can have a significant impact on the balance sheets of operating companies, and are never popular with investors. China has publically announced the closure of up to 150 million tonnes over a five year period. With the determination of the current government to tackle the overcapacity problem and environmental protection, we should trust that China will be able to meet this target. Foremost for worldsteel is to insist that industry restructuring should take place on a “level playing field” principle and that restructuring should follow similar principles wherever it is done.
To that effect, worldsteel members have agreed to the following principles on restructuring: ⅰ) Governments should promote a swift and timely restructuring of the steel industry by advancing policies that ensure market forces play a decisive role in determining the future of the industry. ⅱ) Market oriented approaches should ensure survival of the fittest producers. Inefficient producers should not be subsidized to remain in operation. ⅲ) Barriers to exit that delay restructuring should be removed in an orderly and timely way. ⅳ) Develop safety net support that mitigates the consequences of restructuring. ⅴ) Commitments to adjust the steel industry structure should be made known and tracked until finalization.
4) Future of the Asian steel industry
Today, steel use is predominantly in Asia, which accounts for 65 % of global steel use. Asia as a region has a large population. Moreover, in many Asian countries, the economies are progressing rapidly up the economic development path. Given these conditions, it is likely that Asia will remain a driving force in steel use in the foreseeable future. future growth will likely depend more on the development of the ASEAN region, and growth in India strongly supporting developments in the South East Asian markets.
5) Influence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on the steel industry
The steel industry has a long history of technological adaptation and product innovation.
Today, the industry is already extremely efficient in iron and steel making, as well as processing. Within this environment, the Fourth Industrial Revolution could continue to play an important role, but additional progress will be incremental owing to the already high level of technological achievement. It is rather in the field of the use of steel in applications that the Fourth Industrial Revolution could play an important role. The Fourth Industrial Revolution may influence the design and production of consumer goods to the extent that waste is reduced, and the lifetime of steel in use increases. It is therefore quite possible that the Fourth Industrial Revolution will have little direct influence on the steel industry. The indirect influence through changing the manufacturing process and product design of items requiring steel as an input may have a vastly more influential role in the steel industry.
(Special Report) Dong Joon MIN, Professor of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Yonsei University in Korea, introduces the midi-mill process route of the FINEX and CEM combination under the title, Global Competitiveness Through Hybridization of FINEX and CEM Processes.
Under the current oversupply and strengthened environmental regulations, it is burdensome for steelmakers to consider new investment in the maxi-mill (combination of a traditional BF and hot-rolling mill). In the mini-mill process, there are some limitations in producing flat steel products due to harmful tramp elements in raw materials of scrap and high electricity costs.
The needs of diversification of raw materials and flexibility of process will accelerate the development of an alternative midi-mill ironmaking route by hybridization of individually optimized steelmaking technologies. The recent concept for hybridization is comprised of the FINEX and CEM technologies with particular attention on a sustainable midi-mill process with high flexibility. The hybridization of the FINEX and CEM processes can provide high versatility by combining the advantages of their technological characteristics.
Future process should adopt a process route that lies somewhere between the maxi-mill and mini-mills, that is, a midi-mill configuration with a production capacity over 2 MTPY and operational flexibility. FINEX has more flexibility in raw materials and operations than the blast furnace route and higher productivity than the EAF route. CEM can achieve high throughput and meet product requirements by converting from batch rolling to endless rolling. The midi-mill process route of the FINEX and CEM combination can satisfy the needs to build a steel plant which is medium-scale, economically competitive, raw material and operational flexibility, and eco-friendly.
(Featured Articles) In this section, there are three articles: The Demographic Cliff: How It Will Impact Asia’s Steel Demand; Restructuring of the Chinese Steel Industry: Retrospects and Prospects; and Myanmar, the Last Frontier in the ASEAN, Will See High Growth of its Steel Industry.
① The Demographic Cliff: How It Will Impact Asia’s Steel Demand
Changes in working-age population determine economic fundamentals. They are directly related to steel demand, because the working-age population is the main consumer group of houses and vehicles, the key sources of steel demand. Therefore, the acceleration of decline in working-age population will have a negative impact on economic growth and steel consumption.
Learning lessons from advanced countries about the experience of population aging, there are some characteristics in common: the share of manufacturing shrinks in the economic structure, while the share of service increases; and steel consumption declines after a peak. Particularly in the case of Japan, which is the world’s most aged society, changes in working-age population has a strong correlation with changes in the steel-consuming industries and steel consumption.
The decrease in working-age population in Korea, China, and Japan, which have led growth of the global steel industry until now, will have a negative impact on global steel demand in the medium to long term. It is unlikely that India and the ASEAN’s demand will grow fast enough to offset the decline in steel demand in the three East Asian countries.
② Restructuring of the Chinese Steel Industry: Retrospects and Prospects
The development of the Chinese steel industry, as well as the Chinese economy, has been largely policy-driven. The Chinese government introduced more than 320 policies and measures from 1990 to 2016. Of these, nearly half (49%) were issued to control steel capacity expansion. The last capacity-related policy was introduced by the State Council in early 2016. Some industry observers doubt the potential effectiveness of the last policy, which calls for a 100-150 Mt capacity reduction by 2020.
According to a survey conducted in July 2015, many people believe that China’s domestic steel demand may have reached its peak (or first peak) in 2013 and that it will stabilize after a 10-20% decline.
The author suggests six directions for the Chinese government and the steel industry for the restructuring of the industry: 1) The government’s role should be gradually overtaken by market forces. 2) The steel industry should be consolidated to generate better synergy in the industry, in particular in market development and R&D. 3) A joint fund should be initiated to support the restructuring. 4) Reform of state-owned steel enterprises (SOE’s) should be accelerated, the sooner the better. 5) Steel companies should be more integrated into the global steel industry. 6) Steel companies’ human resources system should be more open.
③ Myanmar, the Last Frontier in the ASEAN, Will See High Growth of its Steel Industry
With the advent of the country’s first non-military government in 54 years, Myanmar is anticipated to strengthen reform and opening-up measures and the economic sanctions against Myanmar will be further lifted. With its growing geopolitical and geo-economic importance, and improved conditions for foreign investment, Myanmar is expected to maintain high economic growth until 2020.
Despite its inadequate domestic steel production, Myanmar’s steel consumption is expected to grow high, at about 8% a year. However, due to poor competitiveness in steel production, caused by power shortages, substandard operational skills, and inadequate facility management, Myanmar’s capacity utilization rate is just above 20%. Increasing demand for steel is mostly satisfied by imports. Demand for long products and flat products for construction is projected to lead the market because Myanmar’s economic development will be centered on infrastructure, construction, and light industries in the short-to-mid term.
(Market Trend and Analysis) This section starts with “Examining the Past 100 Years: Where is the Steel Super Cycle Headed?” followed by “Statistical Review of the Steel Trade in Northeast Asia.”
①“Examining the Past 100 Years: Where is the Steel Super Cycle Headed?”
Looking at long-run data of real steel prices over the last 100 years, high volatility in steel prices is not just a recent phenomenon. Steel prices had high volatility from a long time ago and repeated long-run cycles with ups and downs. If the long-run trend, long-run cycle, short-run cycle could be decomposed from steel price data, it would help in determining the direction of steel prices. With the development of a “band-pass filter” in the 2000s, it became possible to decompose a long-run trend, super cycle, and and short-run cycle from real data.
According to this analysis of US real HR prices from 1900 to 2016, it turns out that the long-run trend peaked in the early 1970s and declined afterward. The super cycle, which is a long-run cycle with upswings lasting from 10 to 35 years, peaked in 2011 and entered a downward phase. Decomposition of real steel prices suggests four super cycles. Amid a prolonged low growth of the steel industry, the critical factor to shorten the super downtrend and downcycle is how fast excessive capacity can be reduced. It is also important how fast the economic growth of emerging markets, especially India and the ASEAN, will offset a steel demand slowdown in China.
②“Statistical Review of the Steel Trade in Northeast Asia”
As the world’s top three steel exporters, Korea, China, and Japan are front-runners in the structural change of the steel export market. They are still expanding into the global market with differentiated export strategies in order to increase their shares. China is diversifying export items and destinations for its bulk supply of steel products. Japan leaps forward with investment in high-quality steel, taking advantage of locking-in demand. Korea gears up to meet demand for steel materials through overseas downstream investment in Southeast Asia, Mexico, USA, and India.
Competition for steel exports among Korea, China, and Japan has intensified. As the USA, EU, and the ASEAN strengthen protectionist measures for their steel industries, global steel trade will contract and heighten the rivalry among the three countries.
Notes to Editors:
POSCO Research Institute (POSRI) is a leading research institute headquartered in Seoul, Korea. Established in 1994, it offers research and consulting especially focusing on steel. However, its research areas are not confined to steel. POSRI conducts research in various fields, including the economy, steel-consuming industries, business, materials, energy, and the environment. POSRI publishes Asian Steel Watch, a bi-annual English journal specialized in the Asian steel industry and market, and Chindia Plus, a bi-monthly Korean journal specialized in China, India and other Asian countries.
For the full version, please visit to POSRI Website (http://www.posri.re.kr/eng/)
Asian Steel Watch
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|Cheol-Ho Chung,Sojin Yoon
China's Steel Industry Meets the New Normal
Xin chang tai (新常态) is the term that most accurately characterizes China’s economy today. It is a literal translation of the English term new normal, meaning “a new state of normality.”After reform and opening up, China’s economy maintained a double-digit annual growth rate for decades, then slowed to around 7% in 2012. Chinese authorities have described this as the “new normal” state, to which they intend to adjust China’s economic policy.
China’s new normal does not mean abandonment of growth, but rather a transition to a new way of growth. Changes in China’s economic fundamentals have confronted China’s steel industry with “new normal”market environment and structures. The industry has set out in search of new solutions.
24 Changing China’s Steel Industry in the New Normal (Dr. Ahn, Byung-kuk)
30 China's Steel Enters a “Peak Zone“: Arguments and Projections (Choi, Young-hun)
36 The Impact of China’s Early “Peak Steel“ and Scrap Generation on Steel Raw Materials Prices (Dr. Jin-Seok Huh)
42 China's Steel Exports, Reaching 100 Mt: What It Means to Asia and Beyond (Dr. Chung, Cheol-Ho, Dr. Nam, Dae-yub)
48 Dilemmas in Restructuring China’s Steel Industry (Dr. Li Wan-Yong)
54 Chinese View on the New Normal (Li Xinchuang, President of MPI) (Dr. Li Xinchuang)
Sources: On the Cover, Asian Steel Watch vol.1
|Li Wan-Yong ,Dae-Yub Nam,Byung-Kuk Ahn,Young Hun Choi,Cheol-Ho Chung,Jin-Seok Huh,Li Xinchuang
What Korea Can Offer to Indian Companies Expanding Abroad
1. Trends in Outward FDI of India
2. India-Korea Economic Relations
3. Why Korea?
1) Comparative Advantage Analysis
2) Attractive Business Partner
3) Business-friendly Environment
4) Expand the Economic Territory
Source: India-Korea Business Summit, New Delhi
India’s Mobile Market
Just as Xiaomi fervor has swept China, Micromax fervor is sweeping India. With affordable prices and simple functions, Micromax products are tailored to Indian customers’ needs. India’s smartphone market, which has been dominated by foreign handsets, is undergoing a rapid transformation. India’s mobile services market is one of the world’s fastest growing markets. This Special Report delves deeply into the characteristics and ecosystem of the Indian mobile services market.
1. With a 22% Market Share, Micromax Dethrones Samsung as the Top Handset Seller in India (Jung Moo-sup)
2. India’s Robust Mobile Service Ecosystem Bolstered by Homegrown Companies (Lee Dae-woo)
3. On the Brink of 1 Billion Mobile Service Subscribers, Entry of Major Global Companies Turns India into a Battlefield (Lee Soon-cheul)
- Source: Special Report, Chindia Plus Quarterly Summer 2015 VOL.19
|Moo-Sup Jung,Soon-Cheul Lee ,Dae-Woo Lee
China's Electric Vehicle Industry
China’s electric vehicle policy has been ineffectual for the last four to five years. Now China is resetting its policy target. On the public welfare and environmental fronts, China plans to improve air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. On the industrial front, it aims to go beyond gasoline and diesel vehicles and seek innovation in the automotive industry. This Cover Story looks closely into the ecosystem of China’s electric vehicle industry and China’s distribution policy.
1. Tesla Readjusts its China Strategy, While Local Companies are Doing Well in China's Electric Vehicle Market (Park Hyung-keun)
2. Driving the Development of China's Electric Vehicles (Jo Yun-taek)
3. Strategic Cooperation with Small Local Giants Can Help Companies Enter China, the World's Largest Secondary Battery Market (Park Jae-bum)
- Source: Cover Story, Chindia Plus Quarterly Summer 2015 VOL.19
|Jae-Bum Park,Hyung-Keun Park,Yun-Taek Jo
Positioning in Strategic Groups to Survive in the Turbulent Stainless Steel Industry
1. Fources that Shape Business
2. Strategic Groups
3. Positioning They Seek
4. About the Korean Market
Source: 10th Asian Stainless Steel Conference, Singapore
Revival of "Rush to India": Will India's Economy Take Off?
The Indian economy is stirring. Under the slogan of “Strong India,” the Modi administration’s drive for reform is waking up the country. India will surpass China to become the world’s fastest-growing country in 2015. India is young, with a median age of 29 years, and has a middle class of 250 million people and an invigorated democracy. India’s growth, which signifies the emergence of a new democratic economy in the region, will have a tremendous impact on geopolitical dynamics in Asia.
1. With the 3 D's of Democracy, Demography, and Demand, India will Outshine China (Kim Chan-wahn)
2. Growth-focused China vs. Distribution-oriented India: Indian Youths Craving Change Will Lead Long-term Growth (Lee Dae-woo)
- Source: Special Report, Chindia Plus Quarterly Spring 2015 VOL.18
|Chan-Wahn Kim ,Dae-Woo Lee
An Era of Big Change: A New World is Coming
1. Big Change: The World is Changing (Shim Sang-hyung)
2. Global Doldrums: The World Economy Sprials Downward into a Prolonged Great Recession (Kim Kwang-ki)
3. Climate Change is an Issue of Survival: Polluting Companies Will Be Edged Out (Kim Ji-seok)
4. Behind the Vision of "Pax Sinica," China's Expanding Black Hole (Han Gwang-soo)
5. Conservatism and Nationalism Spread across East Asia (Yul Sohn)
6. The Shale Revolution, Shifting the Geopolitics of Energy (Park Kyung-duk)
7. Baby Boomer Retirement Diminishes Economic Vitality, Concerns of Long-term Recession Mount amidst Growing Bubbles (Lee Dae-woo)
8. Low-skilled Workers Losing Ground: Only Jobs with Human Touch Will Survive in the Face of Technology Innovation (Oh Jeong-hoon)
- Source: Cover Story, Chindia Plus Quarterly Spring 2015 VOL.18
|Sang-Hyung Shim,Dae-Woo Lee,Jeong-Hoon Oh,Kyung-Duk Park,Kwang-Ki Kim,Ji-Seok Kim,Yul Sohn,Gwang-Soo Han
Structural Changes in Coking Coal Supply in Future
1. Global Economy in 2015
2. Steel Industry Outlook
3. Supply in Coking Coal Market
Source: 13th Coaltrans China
The Chinese Steel Industry in the New Normal Era
Overcapacity has been a chronic problem in the Chinese manufacturing sector. Investment in the steel industry surged in the aftermath of a massive stimulus package during the global financial crisis, making overcapacity even worse. Chinese President Xi Jinping has announced that “China has ended its era of high economic growth and is shifting to a new economic structure.” the Chinese manufacturing industry is agonizing over a solution to the issue. this Special Report focuses on the steel industry, investigating the progress of and forecast for manufacturing.
1. Will the New Environmental Law Ease Oversupply in China’s “Winner-takes-all” Steel Industry? (Shim Sang-hyung)
2. Chinese Steel Products Spill Over into the World Market and Raise global Trade Barriers (Lee Byung-woo)
3. China’s Steel Industry Has to Adapt to the New Normal of Low growth and Corporate Reform (Shim Sang-hyung)
- Source: Special Report, Chindia Plus Quarterly Winter 2014 VOL.17
|Sang-Hyung Shim,Byung-Woo Lee
Myanmar's Reform Fatigue
For a short span of time, myanmar has experienced rapid reform and opening up. Political democracy has advanced, and economic reform and liberalization have made significant progress. myanmar’s strategic standing in the international community has been stronger than any time in the past. Global investors
are rushing into the once-reclusive country. Ironically, however, myanmar’s military junta and vested interest groups are leading the country’s reform and opening up. As they have made sweeping revisions to the national governance strategy with a view to sustaining their vested rights, this reform and opening up has problems: the speed of reform and opening is being controlled, and the benefits of reform and opening up are being concentrated in certain segments of society.
1. Due to Its Strategic and Economic Importance, Myanmar is Caught Between Superpowers (Bertil Lintner)
2. Reform in Myanmar is Losing Steam Amidst Opposition from Vested Interest Groups (Cheong Jae-wan)
3. Japan is a Trustworthy Partner to Myanmar, While ASEAN Increases Investment in Preparation for Economic Integration (Cho Dae-hyun)
4. Poorly Performing Korean Companies in Myanmar Need to Better Understand the Market (Jang Jun-young)
- Source: Cover Story, Chindia Plus Quarterly Winter 2014 VOL.17
|Jae-Wan Cheong ,Jun-Young Jang,Bertil Lintner,Dae-Hyun Cho
Global Competitive Trends in the Stainless Steel Industry
1. Trends in STS Market
2. Global Competitive Move
3. Waht Should We Do?
4. About POSCO
Source: Global EVI Forum 2014
Asia’s Tourism Market Boom
The global tourism market paradigms are shifting. Bolstered by growth in the convention and the casino industries, the number of tourists to Asia is rapidly increasing. Russian tourists visiting South Korea for medical purposes have emerged as big customers for the Korean tourism market. Travel has already started to change the world, with Asia’s “holiday economy” drawing much attention.
1. Tourism Spurs Asian Economic Growth (Keum Ki-yong)
2. Visa-free Travel Boosts Russian Tourism to Korea; Target Market Spreads from Russian Far East to Moscow (Park Hyun-bong)
- Source: Special Report, Chindia Plus Quarterly Autumn 2014 VOL.16
|Ki-Yong Keum ,Hyun-Bong Park
Expectations and Concerns for Korea-China FTA
The unexplored but inescapable path. This is what an FTA with China means for Korea. Its influence will be unprecedented and greater than that of any other FTA that Seoul has concluded so far. With Korea’s trade dependence on China reaching over 25%, it’s fair to say that the success of the Korean economy depends on how well it adapts to the new FTA paradigm. Since the 1980s, China has always been at the center of the changing international trade environment. Having recently emerged as the world’s second-largest economy, China has provided boundless opportunity as well as occasional threats to the Korean economy. That is why Korea should prepare itself well before setting out on a new path.
1. Will the FTA Help Korea Emerge as an East Asian Trading Hub and unlock China’s Domestic Market? (Kim Ji-sun)
2. With Policy Flexibility, Korea Should Balance Korea-China FTA and TPP (Kim Han-sung)
3. Industry Outlook: Steel (Shim Sang-hyung)
4. Industry Outlook: Automobiles (Kim Tae-nyen)
5. Industry Outlook: Petrochemicals (Cho Hyung-il)
6. Industry Outlook: Electronics·IT (Ha Mong-yeul)
7. Industry Outlook: Textiles (Joo Sung-ho)
8. Industry Outlook: Agriculture (Chung Chung-gil)
- Source: Cover Story, Chindia Plus Quarterly Autumn 2014 VOL.16
|Mong-Yeul Ha,Sung-Ho Joo,Hyung-Il Cho,Chung-Gil Chung ,Han-Sung Kim,Tae-Nyen Kim ,Sang-Hyung Shim,Ji-Sun Kim
Chinese Steel Industry by Korean Viewpoint
1. Growth & Impact of Chinese Steel Industry
2. Long-term Growth Forecast
3. Future & Challenges of Chinese Steel Industry
Source: 7th Asian Steel Forum
Global Steel Industry Outlook
1. Global Economy
2. Steel Market Trend
3. Steel Market Outlook
4. Global Coking Coal Market
5. What Should We Do?
Source: 2nd Coaltrans East Asia
Afghanistan, the New “Great Game”
With U.S.-led NATO forces scheduled to leave Afghanistan in December, Afghanistan, Central Asia, South Asia, and even the rest of the world are all uneasy. How will the dynamics among the big powers surrounding Afghanistan change in the future?
1. China and India fill the U.S. Power Vacuum in Afghanistan (Kim Chan-wahn)
2. Troubled by Drugs and Islamic Fundamentalism in Afghanistan, Russia Views Eurasian Economic Union as a Solution (Hyun Seung-soo)
3. Will the Changing Situation Bring a Breakthrough to Stalled Afghanistan Pipeline Projects? (Imm Jeong-seong)
4. South Korea’s Reconstruction Experience Provides Hope for Afghanistan (Park Jung-dong)
- Source: Special Report, Chindia Plus Quarterly Summer 2014 VOL.15
|Jeong-Seong Imm,Chan-Wahn Kim ,Jung-Dong Park,Seung-Soo Hyun
No Eggs in One Basket : Foreign Companies leave China and Head Towards Vietnam
Vietnam is waking from its slumber. The Vietnamese economy, frozen for the past decade after a bubble burst, has been thawing since 2011, mainly due to rapidly increasing foreign direct investment. Samsung Electronics has chosen Vietnam as its new overseas smart phone production base to replace China. Under the second Doi Mo reforms, Vietnam now faces the challenge of cultivating a full range of industries from raw materials to finished goods. Will Vietnam’s dreams be fulfilled?
1. Vietnam Stands at a Critical Juncture: Remain a Subcontracting Base or Pursue Economic Resilience? (Park Bun-soon)
2. Lured by Geographic Advantages and Financial Incentives, Foreign Investors Rush to Vietnam (Park Kyung-duk)
3. Vietnam’s Financial Market Stabilizes after Liberalization and Restructuring, Sustainable Growth Depends on Local Companies (Yoon Hang-jin)
- Source: Cover Story, Chindia Plus Quarterly Summer 2014 VOL.15
| Hang-Jin Yoon,Bun-soon Park,Kyung-Duk Park
Northern Sea Route Development
1. South Korea Should Find Strategic Partners to Make the Most of the Northern Sea Route (Oh Young-il)
2. Shipbuilding, Steel and Shipping Industries will Benefit from Northern Sea Route Development (Park Hyun-wook)
3. Uncertain Fees, Lack of Ports of Call: Daunting Tasks Lie ahead for Commercialization of the Northern Sea Route (Lee Sung-woo)
- Source: Special Report, Chindia Plus Quarterly Spring 2014 VOL.14
|Young-Il Oh,Hyun-Wook Park,Sung-Woo Lee
Continuous Evolution and Change: Asian Auto Industry Stands at Center of Global Stage
The Asian automobile industry is changing. While carmakers in advanced countries falter, Chinese car manufacturers are growing rapidly, contributing to the expansion of the Asian auto market as a whole, and in the process bringing about not only quantitative changes but also qualitative changes. Chinese car carmakers have advanced into Southeast Asia while Western companies have also set foot in China’s compact car market. Meanwhile, ASEAN is emerging as the next auto manufacturing base after China. Let us take a look at the present and future of the rapidly changing Asian auto market.
1. Global Carmakers to Capitalize on China as a Platform, Asian Car Market Undergoing Change (Shim Sang-hyung, Chu Ji-mi)
2. China is Now the World’s Largest Car Market and the Focus of Global Strategies (Ryu Ki-chun)
3. Southeast Asia Emerges as a Post-BRICs Auto Market (Cho Chul)
- Source: Cover Story, Chindia Plus Quarterly Spring 2014 VOL.14
|Chul Cho ,Ki-Chun Ryu ,Ji-Mi Chu,Sang-Hyung Shim